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Eriochilus cucullatus (Labill.) Rchb.f.
Family Orchidaceae
Eriochilus cucullatus (Labill.) Rchb.f. APNI*

Description: Terrestrial herb to c. 25 cm high, leaf incompletely developed at flowering time.

Leaf ovate to cordate, 15–35 mm long, 7–12 mm wide at maturity, usually glabrous, shiny.

Inflorescence to 25 cm high, hairy, 1–5-flowered. Flowers white to deep pink, outer surfaces glabrous to sparsely hairy. Lateral sepals 10–13 mm long, the claw often filiform and elongated; lateral petals linear. Labellum lamina stiffly convex, irregular-ovate, often cream-yellowish with red spots and tufts of stiff hairs.

Photo J. R. Hosking

Flowering: Dec.–May.

Distribution and occurrence: Widespread in most open habitats in heath to sclerophyll forest; from sea level to subalpine regions, coastal sites, inland to Grenfell district.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, SC, NT, CT, ST, NWS, CWS, SWS
Other Australian states: Qld Vic. Tas. S.A.
AVH map***

Forms with lateral sepals that are unusually large and deep pink are found in the New England region (NT).

Text by P. Bernhardt
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 4 (1993)

APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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