Common name: sea holly, martorn
Eryngium maritimum L. APNI*
Description: Robust perennial herb to 50 cm high.
Basal leaves ± circular to broad-ovate, to 10 cm long, to 15 cm wide, deeply 3–5-lobed and coarsely spinose-toothed, with stout petiole to 15 cm long; stem leaves smaller, ± sessile.
Inflorescence axillary, a compound dichasia, bracteate at each branching junction, the ultimate unit of the inflorescence a globose head; flower heads 13–22 mm long, 11–20 mm diam.; peduncle length variable; bracts 4–7, broad-ovate, deeply lobed and spinose-toothed, similar in size, texture and colour to the leaves. Flowers pale mauve.
Fruit 4.5–6 mm long, densely covered with acutely pointed scales and crowned by the persistent sepals.
Distribution and occurrence: Grows on coastal sand dunes; naturalized from Taree to Budgewoi. Native of Eur.
NSW subdivisions: *NC, *CC, *SC
Text by J. M. Powell & B. M. Wiecek
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 3 (1992)
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