Common name: Moreton Bay Fig
Ficus macrophylla Desf. ex Pers. APNI*
Description: Large spreading tree, epiphytic and strangling in early stages, trunks becoming massive with large buttresses; young stems glabrous.
Leaves ovate to elliptic or oblong, 10–25 cm long, 7–10 cm wide, upper surface green and glabrous, lower surface rusty-coloured due to covering of minute scales, often glabrescent with age; petiole 5–10 cm long; stipules usually 3–10 cm long, finely hairy to glabrous.
Figs ± globose, 20–25 mm diam., orange turning purple at maturity; stalk 10–20 mm long; paired or solitary; ripens throughout year.
Distribution and occurrence: In coastal rainforest of all types, north from the Shoalhaven R.; widely cultivated.
The form columnaris occurs on Lord Howe Island and is recognisable from its many roots forming columns.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC
Other Australian states: Qld Vic.
Text by G. J. Harden
|One form on mainland NSW: f. macrophylla|
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.