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Galium leiocarpum I.Thomps.
Family Rubiaceae
Galium leiocarpum I.Thomps. APNI*

Description: Herbs with hairs to 0.3 mm long, sparse; often extensively rhizomatous. Stems to 0.5 mm diam. with slender angles.

Leaves in whorls of 4, with stipules similar in length to leaves; sometimes decreasing in length up the stem. leaves elliptic, narrow-obovate to oblanceolate, or weakly spathulate, 2–15 mm long, 1–5 mm wide; margin flat or narrowly recurved; apex acute without a terminal hair.

Inflorescences of predominently 1–3-flowered cymes, less often more flowered, mostly not exceeding whorls when mature. Flowers with corolla 1–1.5 mm diam., with lobes 0.5–0.7 mm long, greenish or greenish cream, glabrous.

Developing fruit sublustrous, smooth; mericarps reniform, 0.8–1.2 mm long, not or hardly rugose, dark brown.

Flowering: spring–summer

Distribution and occurrence: Occurs in eastern NSW, south-eastern Queensland, eastern and south-western Victoria, and northern Tasmania. Relatively common species growing in relatively shady environments.

Grows in damp to wet forests.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, SC, NT, CT, ST, NWS, CWS
Other Australian states: Qld Vic. Tas.
AVH map***

Previously treated by Australian authors as a form of Galium propinquum A. Cunn., which occurs in New Zealand and is now considered endemic to that country.

Text by Louisa Murray (August 2011)
Taxon concept: Thompson, I.R. (2009). A revision of Asperula and Galium (Rubieae: Rubiaceae) in Australia. Muelleria 27, p79-80.

APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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