Common name: Australian indigo, duwabili (D'harawal)
Indigofera australis Willd. APNI*
Description: Spreading shrub up to 2.5 m tall; young stems bearing pale, appressed hairs.
Leaves 4–10 cm long; leaflets usually 11–25, rarely as few as 5, oblong to elliptic, 10–40 mm long, 5–9 mm wide, obtuse, usually with a small mucro; stipules lanceolate, up to 4 mm long.
Inflorescences 9–15 cm long. Calyx bearing dark brown hairs, teeth shorter than the tube. Petals mauve.
Pod terete, 25–45 mm long, ± glabrous; seeds several, endocarp spotted.
Distribution and occurrence: Widespread in woodland and eucalypt forest; commonly on hills in western districts.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, SC, NT, CT, ST, NWS, CWS, SWS, NWP, SWP, NFWP, SFWP
Other Australian states: Qld Vic. Tas. W.A. S.A.
A variable species. Plants in Western Australia and the western part of South Australia have been separated as Indigofera australis subsp. hesperia. See Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 24: 67–73 (2010).
Text by Peter G. Wilson
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 2 (1991)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.