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Lantana camara L.
Family Verbenaceae
Common name: Lantana

Lantana camara L. APNI*

Synonyms: Lantana tiliifolia Cham. APNI*

Description: Shrub up to c. 3 m high, often scandent and forming dense thickets; branches long and weak, with short recurved prickles, ± hairy, often glandular on young parts.

Leaves with lamina ovate, usually 2.5–8 cm long and 15–45 mm wide, apex ± acute to obtuse, base ± rounded, margins toothed, upper surface wrinkled and strigose, lower surface ± pubescent; petiole 5–20 mm long.

Flower heads, 2–3 cm diam.; peduncle 2–8 cm long; bracts lanceolate, 4–7 mm long. Corolla 10–14 mm long, with white, yellow, orange, red or pink colours in various combinations.

Drupe 4–6 mm diam., black.


Flower
Photo J. Plaza

Fruit
Photo T.M. Tame

Other photo
Photo T.M. Tame

Flowering: most of year.

Distribution and occurrence: Widespread weed, especially near habitation, and in sclerophyll forest and disturbed rainforest; coastal districts north from the Bega area. Native of trop. S Amer.
NSW subdivisions: *NC, *CC, *SC, *LHI
Other Australian states: *Qld *N.T.
Declared Noxious Weed
AVH map***

Introduced as a hedge plant; numerous cultivars are grown as garden plants; some forms are reported toxic to stock if eaten. A declared noxious weed in certain shires.

Text by B. J. Conn
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 3 (1992)


APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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