Longevity 20--30 years. Abundant in some areas remaining unburnt for long periods.
Flowers Terminal, white, July--October, peak August--September.
Fruit/seed Succulent fruit (drupe), average fresh weight 5--6 mg (J. Howell pers. comm.), 3.5 mm long, mature September--December.
Dispersal, establishment and growth Diaspore: fruit, with semi-fleshy layer plus tiny ‘skirt’ (J. Howell pers. comm.). Possibly a myrmecochore (Rice & Westoby 1981), soil-stored seed.
Fire response Killed by high intensity fire (at Narrabeen Lake 1/1994), a few seedlings seen 10--12 cm high within 16 months of high intensity fire (at Lane Cove River 1/1994, P. Kubiak pers. comm.).
Sheltered sites on rock outcrops and lower hillslopes.
Altitude 0--500 m
Annual rainfall 900--1600 mm
Typical local abundance Frequent--occasional.
Vegetation Eucalypt woodland e.g. with Angophora costata, Eucalyptus gummifera, Eucalyptus piperita, Bauera rubioides, Banksia ericifolia, Gleichenia; scrub e.g. with Kunzea ambigua, Angophora hispida, Banksia ericifolia.
Substrate Shady wet sandstone rock faces on Hawkesbury Sandstone, low nutrients, permanent seepage.
Exposure Sheltered aspects, mid--light shade.
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.