Longevity 5--20 years (D. Keith pers. comm.).
Primary juvenile period May attain flowering maturity in less than 4 years.
Flowers White, August--September, peak September.
Fruit/seed Cylindrical, dry fruit, 4.5 mm long, brown, November--December, average seed weight 8 mg, seed with elaiosome ? (J. Howell pers. comm.).
Dispersal, establishment and growth Diaspore: fruit, ant-adapted food body for dispersal (Westoby et al 1990, Rice & Westoby 1981)
Fire response Killed by fire, recruitment mainly after fire (D. Keith pers. comm.)
Swamp, heath and woodland.
Altitude 0--1200 m
Annual rainfall 1200--1600 mm
Typical local abundance Frequent--occasional.
Vegetation Shrub, swamp and damp heath e.g. with Banksia oblongifolia, B. paludosa, B. ericifolia, woodland e.g. with Eucalyptus haemastoma, E. gummifera.
Substrate Skeletal sandy soils on sandstone, low nutrient soils.
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.