Common name: Swamp Mahogany, Swamp Turpentine
Lophostemon suaveolens (Sol. ex Gaertn.) Peter G.Wilson & J.T.Waterh. APNI*
Synonyms: Tristania suaveolens (Sol. ex Gaertn.) Sm. APNI*
Description: Large tree with red-brown, fibrous-papery, persistent bark.
Leaves ovate to elliptic, in false whorls of 3–4 leaves at the end of each year's growth. Lamina 9–15 cm long, 4–5 cm wide, apex obtuse or shortly acuminate, base rounded to cuneate, leathery, light green, glabrous or villous; petiole 10–20 mm long.
Inflorescences 3–7-flowered cymes. Sepals c. 1 mm long, persistent in fruit. Petals circular, 4–5 mm long. Stamens very numerous, fascicles 3–5 mm long.
Fruit hemispherical, 5–8 mm diam.; seeds 1.5–2 mm long.
Distribution and occurrence: Grows in sclerophyll forest, widespread and common in coastal districts, often on swampy ground or alluvial flats, north from Scotts Head.
NSW subdivisions: NC
Other Australian states: Qld
Text by Peter G. Wilson
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 2 (1991)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
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