Common name: Rough-shelled Queensland Nut
Macadamia tetraphylla L.A.S.Johnson APNI*
Description: Small to medium-sized tree to 15 m high; new growth reddish.
Leaves mostly in whorls of 4 or rarely in whorls of 3 or 5, lamina narrow-elliptic to oblanceolate, 18–25 cm long, 2–5 cm wide, apex ± acuminate, margins with regular stiff prickly teeth, leathery, glabrous, with 13–20 pairs of main lateral veins; petiole 0–3 mm long.
Conflorescences axillary or ramiflorous, 10–25 cm long, densely pubescent. Perianth c. 10 mm long, creamy-pink to mauve.
Fruit 20–35 mm diam., greyish green, turning brown; seed 15–30 mm long, ± pointed at the apex and tuberculate.
Flowering: Aug.–Oct., fruit ripe January.
Distribution and occurrence: Grows in subtropical rainforest in coastal areas north of the Clarence R., chiefly in the Richmond and Tweed Valleys.
NSW subdivisions: NC
Other Australian states: Qld
Threatened species: NSW TSCA: Vulnerable ROTAP: 2VC-
See Bush foods of New South Wales for more information.
Text by G. J. Harden
Taxon concept: C.L. Gross (1995)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.