Macrozamia spiralis (Salisb.) Miq. APNI*
Description: Stem mostly subterranean, 8–20 cm diam.
Leaves 2–12 in the crown, 60–100 cm long, rachis twisted up to 1800, rarely up to 3600; pinnae 45–120, spreading, simple, longest 12–20 cm long, 5–10 mm wide, rarely glaucous, with 5–10 prominent veins below; petiole 15–40 cm long.
Male cones 15–20 cm long, 5–6 cm diam., spines to 1.5 cm long. Female cones 12–20 cm long, 7–9 cm diam., spines to 3 cm long; seeds 2.5–3 cm long, 2–2.5 cm diam., orange to scarlet.
Distribution and occurrence: Chiefly found as scattered, often depauperate plants in dry sclerophyll forest; on the coast and from Dunedoo to the Goulburn R. valley. A variable species, specimens from the Lower Blue Mtns (from Wheeney Creek to the Mellong Ra.) differ in that the plants are larger and have ± glaucous leaves with broader pinnae.
Dry sclerophyll forest.
NSW subdivisions: CC, CT, CWS
Text by L. Murray
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 1 Suppl. (1999)
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