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Common name: Nitre Bush, Dillon Bush
Nitraria billardierei DC. APNI*
Synonyms: Nitraria billardieri APNI*
Description: Stiff spreading shrub, forming hummocks 0.6–2 m high and up to 4 m diam.; branchlets often tangled and spiny.
Leaves clustered, narrow-obovate, 5–30 mm long, often glaucous, often minutely pubescent.
Calyx minutely pubescent; petals 2–4 mm long, white.
Drupe ovoid-oblong, 10–20 mm long, minutely pubescent, purple, red or golden when mature.
Flowering: chiefly spring.
Distribution and occurrence: Often grows on saline or over-grazed areas, on loamy or clayey soils, inland districts.
NSW subdivisions: NWP, SWP, NFWP, SFWP
Other Australian states: ?Qld Vic. W.A. S.A. N.T.
Drought-resistant species but not particularly palatable to stock. The ripe fruits are edible and are distributed by emus and other birds.
Text by K. L. Wilson
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 3 (1992)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.