Common name: Nitre Bush, Dillon Bush
Nitraria billardierei DC. APNI*
Synonyms: Nitraria billardieri APNI*
Description: Stiff spreading shrub, forming hummocks 0.6–2 m high and up to 4 m diam.; branchlets often tangled and spiny.
Leaves clustered, narrow-obovate, 5–30 mm long, often glaucous, often minutely pubescent.
Calyx minutely pubescent; petals 2–4 mm long, white.
Drupe ovoid-oblong, 10–20 mm long, minutely pubescent, purple, red or golden when mature.
Flowering: chiefly spring.
Distribution and occurrence: Often grows on saline or over-grazed areas, on loamy or clayey soils, inland districts.
NSW subdivisions: NWP, SWP, NFWP, SFWP
Other Australian states: ?Qld Vic. W.A. S.A. N.T.
Drought-resistant species but not particularly palatable to stock. The ripe fruits are edible and are distributed by emus and other birds.
Text by K.L. Wilson, Flora of New South Wales Vol. 3: 14 (1992)
Taxon concept: Australian Plant Census (accessed June 2017)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.