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Philotheca myoporoides (DC.) Bayly
Family Rutaceae
Common name: long-leaf wax flower

Philotheca myoporoides (DC.) Bayly APNI*

Description: Shrub to 2 m high. Stems terete, sometimes glaucous, glabrous.

Leaves sessile, variable, from narrow-elliptic to oblong or broad-obovate, 1.5–11 cm long, 4–20 mm wide, apex acute to rounded; surfaces glandular-warty, glabrous, midrib prominent.

Flowers 1–8, in axillary clusters; peduncle angled, 0–20 mm long; pedicels 1–10 mm long. Petals broad-elliptic, c. 8 mm long, white, glabrous, keel prominent and glandular towards apex. Stamens free, staminal filaments pilose, anthers glabrous.

Cocci erect or slightly divaricate, c. 7 mm long, beak c. 3 mm long.

Flowering: Mainly spring and autumn.

Distribution and occurrence: Grows chiefly in dry sclerophyll forest and heath. Widespread.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, SC, NT, CT, ST, NWS, CWS, SWS, SWP
Other Australian states: Qld Vic.
AVH map***

Intergrades known between taxa where they grow together.

Text by P.H. Weston & G.J.Harden
Taxon concept:

 Key to the subspecies 
1Stems ± densely warty; leaves flat to ± concave (or rarely conduplicate and falcate) when dried.2
Stems almost smooth; leaves conduplicate and falcate when dried. Leaves narrow-elliptic, 4–7 cm long, 5–10 mm wide, apex obtuse to acute, smooth. Peduncle thick, 0–4 mm long, pedicels 1–4, thick, 2–4 mm long. Sepals tinged with red. Staminal filaments moderately ciliate, apex pilose.subsp. conduplicata
2Most leaves either >10 mm wide or >4.5 cm long and inflorescences mostly 3- or more-flowered (range 1–9 flowers); peduncles 1–20 mm long.3
Leaves 4–10 mm wide, and 1.3–4.5 cm long and inflorescences usually 1- or 2-flowered or rarely some inflorescences 3- or 4-flowered, peduncles 0–5 mm long.
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3Leaves linear to oblong-elliptic or oblanceolate or rarely obovate, 2–11 cm long, 6–22 mm wide; inflorescences mostly 3–8-flowered, widespread, chiefly on the ranges south from Murrurundi district. Stems moderately to faintly warty. Leaves flat or conduplicate (some populations of the mountain form), apex rounded to acute. Peduncles 2–20 mm long, with usually 3–8 pedicels; pedicels 4–10 mm long. Staminal filaments ciliate or woolly-ciliate, pilose towards apex.subsp. myoporoides
Leaves oblanceolate to obovate, 3.5–7.5 cm long and 14–25 mm wide; inflorescences 1–5-flowered; confined to Werrikimbe N.P. Stems glandular-warty. Leaves flat, apex rounded, shortly mucronate. Peduncles 1–10 mm long; pedicels 4–10 mm long. Staminal filaments ciliate for most of their length, pilose towards apex.
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subsp. obovatifolia
4Peduncles 0–2 mm long, pedicels 4–8 mm long; coastal to escarpment ranges, from Sassafras to Moruya district (SC, ST). Stems densely warty. Leaves oblong-elliptic to obovate, 13–30 mm long, 5–10 mm wide, flat to ± concave above when dry, margins sometimes tinged maroon, apex rounded, truncate or sub-acute, apiculate. Staminal filaments ciliate towards base, usually sparsely long-pilose in upper half or rarely shortly hairy glabrous towards apexsubsp. brevipedunculata
Peduncles 0–5 mm long; pedicels 1–10 mm long.
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5Leaves oblong-elliptic to elliptic or rarely oblanceolate, acute to obtuse, to 4 cm long; peduncles 0–5 mm long, 1–3-flowered, pedicels 1–10 mm long; staminal filaments ciliate and pilose towards apex. Stems densely warty. Leaves 25–40 mm long, 4–8 mm wide, ± concave above when dry, apex acute to obtuse, mucronate. Fruiting cocci spreading with a long, acuminate beak.subsp. acuta
Leaves obovate to oblanceolate, obtuse to rounded, to 3 cm long; peduncles 1–2 mm long, usually 1-flowered, pedicels 2–4 mm long; staminal filaments very shortly ciliate with stiff bristles and glabrous or rarely sparsely pilose at apex. Stems densely warty. Leaves 15–30 mm long, 5–10 mm wide, apex obtuse to rounded, recurved, mucronate.
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subsp. epilosa

APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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