Common name: black apple, wild plum, yellow buttonwood, black plum, yellow bulletwood
Planchonella australis (R.Br.) Pierre APNI*
Synonyms: Pouteria australis (R.Br.) Baehni APNI*
Achras australis R.Br. APNI*
Sideroxylon australe (R.Br.) F.Muell. APNI*
Description: Medium to tall tree.
Leaves obovate, ovate or elliptic, mostly 8–16 cm long, 2–5 cm wide, apex obtuse or bluntly pointed, base tapering, thick and leathery, upper surface shiny, lower surface paler green, secondary and fine veins distinct and raised on both surfaces; petiole 5–10 mm long.
Flowers usually axillary, solitary or few-flowered clusters.
Fruit obovoid or globose, 20–60 mm long, purplish or black, 2–5-seeded; seeds c. 2 cm long, brown and shiny with a whitish elongate scar; ripe Sept.-Nov.
Distribution and occurrence: In most types of warmer rainforest, widespread on the coast and Upper Hunter Valley; north from the Illawarra.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, CWS
Other Australian states: Qld
Text by G J Harden
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW vol. 1 (1990); updated L. Murray June 2012
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.