Common name: Dwarf Milkwort
Polygala japonica Houtt. APNI*
Description: Perennial herb 10–20 cm high; with stems prostrate or ascending, hairy with curled hairs.
Leaves variable, ovate or elliptic, usually 5–20 mm long, 3–8 mm wide, ± glabrous except for hairy midrib, prominently veined, ± sessile.
Racemes lateral, 1–3 cm long; pedicels 2–6 mm long. Flowers 5–6 mm long, mauve to purple. Outer sepals lanceolate, c. 2 mm long; wing sepals c. 5 mm long. Keel as long as the lateral petals, and with 2 much-branched appendages.
Capsule broad-obcordate, c. 4 mm long.
Flowering: throughout year, mostly October–December
Distribution and occurrence: Grows in grassland and in the grassy understorey of sclerophyll forest and woodland, east of Rylstone district.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, SC, NT, CT, ST, NWS, CWS, SWS
Other Australian states: Qld Vic.
Text by L. Murray
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 3 (1992)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.