Common name: Black-berry Nightshade
Solanum nigrum L. APNI*
Description: Herb or short-lived perennial shrub, sometimes purple-green, hairy with glandular and simple, non-glandular hairs; prickles absent.
Leaves ovate, mostly 4–7 cm long and 2–5 cm wide, margins entire or shallowly lobed; ± concolorous, both surfaces green and ± hairy; petiole usually 1–3 cm long, ± winged in upper portion.
Inflorescences 4–12-flowered; peduncle 10–20 mm long; pedicels to 10 mm long. Calyx 1.5–2.2 mm long; lobes c. 1 mm long. Corolla stellate, 8–12 mm diam., white.
Berry mostly 6–8 mm diam., dull black or purple-black.
Flowering: mainly spring.
Distribution and occurrence: Widespread, especially near habitations or in horticultural crops; cosmopolitan weed. Native of Eur.
NSW subdivisions: *NC, *CC, *SC, *NT, *CT, *ST, *NWS, *CWS, *SWS, *NWP, *SWP, *NFWP, *SFWP, *LHI
Other Australian states: *Qld *Vic. *Tas. *W.A. *S.A. *N.T.
Text by B. J. Conn
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 3 (1992)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.