Red or cream or pale yellow-green, April-August.
Fruit/seed Dry capsule with tiny ‘skirt’ around one end, average fresh weight 19 mg (J. Howell pers. comm.), 5 mm long, mature August--December. Most fruits infertile, germination takes more than 2 years; mycorrhizas possibly assist breakdown of seed coat and establishment of seedling (Reed 1989).
Dispersal, establishment and growth Ant adapted for dispersal (Westoby et al. 1990).
Fire response Killed by high and medium intensity fire (at Lane Cove River), localised seedlings reported after fire (P. Kubiak pers. comm.).
Interaction with other organisms Can tolerate Casuarina allelopathy, possibly assisted by mycorrhizal association (Reed 1989).
Altitude 0--1000 m
Annual rainfall 1000--1600 mm
Typical local abundance Occasional--frequent.
Vegetation Woodland e.g. with Eucalyptus piperita, E. haemastoma, Corymbia gummifera; heath e.g. with Angophora hispida.
Substrate Low nutrient sandy soils on sandstone, .
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