Common name: White Parsnip, Wild Parsnip, Yellow Parsnip
Trachymene ochracea L.A.S.Johnson APNI*
Description: Erect herb, to 75 cm high.
Leaves mostly towards the base of the plant, deeply 3–5-lobed to dissected, laminar circular in outline, 1.5–3.5 cm long, 2–5.5 cm wide; segments linear, 1–3 mm wide; petiole to 10 cm long.
Umbels borne in dichasial cymes subtended by leaf-like bracts, becoming linear and entire; each umbel 7–18 mm diam., 30–60 flowered; peduncle 3–8 cm long, glandular hairy towards the base. Bracts 13–18, 4–5 mm long. Flowers bisexual. Petals 1.2–1.8 mm long, white, pink in bud. Ovary 2-locular.
Fruit broad ovate 2–2.5 mm long, brown; both mericarps maturing. Mericarps 1.5–1.7 mm wide, papillate or rugose. Carpophores entire to shortly 2-fid, 0.6–1.0 mm long.
Flowering: Flowers mainly August–November
Distribution and occurrence: Grows in mulga and mallee communities on red earths on loamy sands and sand, prolific after rain; north from Byrock district.
NSW subdivisions: NWP, NFWP
Other Australian states: Qld
Reported to have poisoned sheep and cattle when eaten in quantity. Formerly in Apiaceae.
Text by J.M. Hart
Taxon concept: J.M. Hart, 2002
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.