Common name: Common Dog-violet
Viola riviniana Rchb. APNI*
Description: Perennial herb, stems decumbent, arising from a short erect stem bearing a cluster of leaves.
Leaves ovate-circular or heart shaped, 10–45 mm long 10–35 mm wide, sparcely covered in hairs, base cordate, apex obtuse or shortly acuminate, margins broadly toothed or scalloped. Petiole 1–8 cm long; stipules lanceolate, c. 1 cm long, adhering to petiole at base, fimbriate.
Flower scapes 2.5–6 cm long, glabrous, bracteoles above middle. Sepals lanceolate, 7–12 mm long, acute, basal appendages prominent, enlarging in fruit; petals 10–14 mm long, blue violet, lower petal with spur c. 5 mm long, notched at obtuse apex.
Capsule ovoid, 7–10 mm long.
Flowering: Flowers December.
Distribution and occurrence: Native to Europe and Northern Africa. Central Tablelands and Victoria.
Naturalised in bushland in and around Katoomba.
NSW subdivisions: *CT
Other Australian states: *Vic.
Text by L. Murray (2004)
Taxon concept: T.J. Entwisle, 1996. Flora of Victoria. Vol. 3.
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.