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Vitex trifolia L.
Family Lamiaceae
Vitex trifolia L. APNI*

Description: Shrub or small tree to 6.5 m high.

Leaves mostly 3-foliolate with terminal leaflet often largest, sometimes 1-, 2- or 5-foliolate; leaflets oblong-elliptic or ovate, mostly 3–8 cm long, 2–4 cm wide, apex ± short-acuminate to obtuse, base cuneate or rounded, margins entire, upper surface ± glabrous and green but drying black, lower surface greyish or whitish tomentose; longest petiolules 10–15 mm long, basal leaflets ± sessile; petiole 5–60 mm long.

Cymes in upper leaf axils, arranged into a pyramidal thyrse, mostly 5–20 cm long, 4–8 cm wide. Calyx 2–3 mm long. Corolla varying from blue to purplish; tube 4–6 mm long.

Drupe ± globose, 4–6 mm diam., turning yellowish red and finally blue or black.


Photo © ANBG

Flowering: mostly spring.

Distribution and occurrence: Grows in riverine or near-coastal communities; north from Ballina.
NSW subdivisions: NC
Other Australian states: Qld N.T.
AVH map***

Text by B. J. Conn
Taxon concept:

N.S.W. occurrences are: var. trifolia

APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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