Common name: Grape-vine
Vitis vinifera L. APNI*
Description: Woody vine with stems up to 35 m long (in cultivation usually reduced by annual prunning from 1–3 m long).
Leaves 5–15 cm long, orbicular, usually palmate 5- to 7-lobed, irregularly toothed, often hairy below, glabrescent above; base cordate; apex subacute. Tendrils branched, lacking discs.
Inflorescence a densely branched botrya (corymbose to panicle-like), with many flowers. Calyx very shortly 5-lobed. Corolla with petals c. 5 mm long, pale green.
Fruit an ellipsoid to globose, succulent berry, green, yellow, red or purplish-black, sweet tasting, usually with up to 2 pyriform seeds.
Flowering: Flowers usually in late Spring to early Summer.
Distribution and occurrence: Occasionally naturalised, recorded from North Coast and North Western Slopes regions of NSW; also naturalised in WA; native to southern Europe.
Occurring in disturbed lands, especially near established vineyards and water-courses.
NSW subdivisions: *NC, *CT, *NWS
Other Australian states: *W.A.
Extensively cultivated for wine-making and for edible fruits throughout much of the world.
Text by B.J. Conn
Taxon concept: D.A. Webb (1968)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.