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Xanthorrhoea fulva (A.T.Lee) D.J.Bedford
Family Xanthorrhoeaceae
Xanthorrhoea fulva (A.T.Lee) D.J.Bedford APNI*

Description: Trunk absent; stem branched below ground; crowns 1-many, each a stiff erect tuft.

Leaves depressed to very depressed-obtrullate to depressed-cuneate in T.S., 1.9–3.5 mm wide, 1–1.5 mm thick, usually ± blue-green, glaucous.

Scape 0.2–1.6 m long, 5–20 mm diam.; spike a third to a half as long as scape, 10–60 cm long, 1–3 cm diam.; cluster bracts obscure or slightly prominent, shortly acute, densely hirsute; packing bracts obtuse, densely hirsute with pale hairs. Outer tepals shortly acute, without or with very short beak, without proboscis, hirsute. Inner tepals slightly reflexed, with beak at tip, glabrous except for a few hairs near beak.


Flowering: Aug.–Oct.

Distribution and occurrence: Grows in periodically waterlogged sites in sand in coastal areas; north from Wyong.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC
Other Australian states: Qld
AVH map***

This species hybridizes with X. glauca, the progeny sometimes resembling X. resinifera. It is usually recognizable by its velvety cream to beige-coloured flowering spikes, and the pale hairs on the packing bracts. The inflorescence is variable in size; in small plants (young or in poor growing conditions) the inflorescences may be only 20cm high and very slender, with a spike as short as 2cm, while older plants in more favourable conditions may have stout inflorescences 2.5 m high.

Text by D. J. Bedford
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 4 (1993)


APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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