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Acacia aulacocarpa A.Cunn. ex Benth.
Family Fabaceae
Subfamily Mimosoideae
Common name: salwood, golden-flowered salwood, lancewood

Acacia aulacocarpa A.Cunn. ex Benth. APNI*

Synonyms: Racosperma aulacocarpum (A.Cunn. ex Benth.) Pedley APNI*
Acacia aulacocarpa var. fruticosa C.T.White APNI*
Racosperma aulacocarpum var. fruticosum APNI*
Acacia aulacocarpa sensu Morrison & Davies (1991), in part APNI*

Description: Tree or shrub 0.5–8 m high; bark mostly smooth, grey; branchlets acutely angled at extremities, becoming terete, sometimes resinous.

Phyllodes elliptic to narrowly elliptic, subfalcate to falcate, 5–12.5 cm long, 7–35 mm wide, grey-green with a slight sheen, glabrous, longitudinal veins numerous, non-anastomosing, 3 prominent and 3 or 4 less prominent, the lowermost main veins often joining together and with the lower margin near base, apex acute; 1 inconspicuous gland adjacent to pulvinus; pulvinus 4–8 mm long.

Inflorescences 1–4 in axil of phyllodes; peduncles 4–8 mm long, scurfy; heads cylindrical, 2–5 cm long, bright yellow.

Pods straight to curved, often twisted, ± flat, 2–8 cm long, 8–15 mm wide, ± woody, ± obliquely veined, glabrous, resinous; margins thickened; seeds oblique; funicle greyish cream to grey, folded and expanded towards seed.

Photo A.E. Orme

Photo T.M. Tame

Photo A.E. Orme

Other photo
Photo A.E. Orme


Flowering: January–June.

Distribution and occurrence: not common in NSW, recorded only in the Grafton district.

Grows in sclerophyll woodland on sandstone.
NSW subdivisions: NC
Other Australian states: Qld
AVH map***

The oblique to longitudinally oblique veins in the pod are more prominently raised than in Acacia disparrima.

Text by P.G. Kodela (August 2005)
Taxon concept: P.G. Kodela & G.J. Harden, Flora of NSW Vol. 2 (2002)

APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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